Wheaton High School
Wheaton Minnesota
 Charles Pinkney,  Art Instructor
Independent Art, Beginner
Independent Art is offered to accomodate those who can't schedule regular high school Art fundamentals:  
The emphasis in "Independent Art, Beginning" is the same as Fundamentals of Art, or Art I. Most of the projects cover the same skills and concepts. If you are in another class hour working independently, you can ask for help from me at times when I am not involved with presenting or helping the other class. Others will have to schedule other times to get information and discuss progress. 
Assignments will help you to build basic art skills.  Check off the assignments as they are completed. Most of these projects will have a web page or a handout sheet for detailed directions. I will help you find materials as you request them.  I will receive the work that you have done and give you some feedback. click to See information on Grading Art Projects.  

You will be asked to keep a folder (notebook). Use your folder to record your NOTES,  Due date reminders, and your research notes from library and internet in here as well as all handout sheets. 
Before going into any of the studies or assignments below. Become familiar with the content of our  Art Web page. And by the way, don't look at it with an old version of Netscape because it is very poor on it. Find a better machine with a good browser and it is really good!  http://victorian.fortunecity.com/literary/431 
Any information that is really important for all students is there somewhere. It is quite informative about the basics of art and design. If you look at the links you will find access the the best art in the world and it is only a click away. 

Unit 1- Information & Understanding "What makes up a Picture or Design."  
1.1  What is visual content?" Images (subjects) or "forms" (made up of visual elements.such as line, shape, color. etc) 
1.2  Visual content can be descriptive or non descriptive. 
        Descriptive Forms: Forms or objects that  can be named and identified.example: flower, horse
        Non Descriptive forms: Forms or objects that can not be named or identified except as abstract  visual terms. example: dark red cylinder, fuzzy round sphere. 
        Visual Content, may have varying amounts of detail and can be represented in either 2 dimensions or 3 dimensions

1.3 Terms:  Icons and Environments" Practice 
identifying and using visual content: Breaking up Space with objects. 
1.4 Terms: Breakup1: primary breakup and Breakup 2: secondary breakup. 
Breakup 1 define the spaces occupied by major objects or forms in your picture space.  
Breakup 2 defines  the areas inside each of the primary spaces.  
Identifying visual content. Analyze 3 pictures or photos.  
Make a list of items in the picture space, note size, placement,color and detail  of these visual items. Use one page for each picture. 
Example of analysis work page click here: Analysis of pictures. 

Unit 2.  Concept: Understand "Flat" or 2-Dimensional Space:  
2.1 2 Dimension images and pattern from picture or real life visual source.  
Click to See: pattern page 
2.2 Positive and Negative designs using silhouette and detail cutout  Click to See: positive negative design page 

Unit 2.1 Find an Interesting picture with good visual content and draw lines to divide the main areas and objects with a line outline. The result  will look a little like puzzle pieces. Then use a strait edge and pen to draw a line pattern inside of each area. You could use parallel lines with each space having a different look. (Some vertical, some diagonal, some horizontal, some spaced closely some not so close. The appearance of darkness or lightness will be suggested by the closeness of the strokes. 

Unit 2:2 Interpret still life arrangement as 2 dimension, pattern design (color or bw) Choose media: either cut paper  OR unblended paint to interpret the still life arrangement which is used to interpret flat areas of still life: If paint is used, use a palette and tempera (poster) paint. Hint, color often is more
harmonious if you have a dominant color to work out of.  

Unit 3. Modeling forms to make them appear 3D  
3.1 What makes a rounded form look round or a blocky solid look blocky? 
The light causing shadows and highlight is one of way, Defining surfaces or edges is the other and the two are interrelated. 
3.2 The visual element "tone" refers to the darkness or lightness of any form. 
3.3 Flat space is not defined a volume it is only 2Dimensional in appearance. 
3.4 Modeling is a term referring to shading for tone. 
3.5 Illumination is the term which refers distincltly to light and shadow. 
Click here to see the effect of turning 2D forms into 3D forms. 

Transforming  flat forms; Turning 2D shapes into a 3 dimensional mass using tone and shading. Ask for the "Mass and Shading" worksheet to practice interpreting 3D forms from flat shapes.  Do the practice worksheet. Use pencil only. 
Use markers and pastels to draw and shade your own 3 D sculptural masses invention. You can introduce  forms that are somewhat like the worksheet. Try to connect and integrate forms using composites of basic volumes: spheres, cylinders, pyramids, cubes, cones, etc. The markers can produce the basic shapes and surface edges, then complete with pastels to produce the tone blends that show light and shading. 

Unit 4. Observing Skills - - Drawing and Sketching  
4.1 Observation skills, seeing and sketching  
Outline, Shape, Form, Tone, Texture 
4.2 Tricks and Techniques Using a viewfinder: 
4.2 Proportion is the size of one part relative to another part, e.g., the head to the chest, or the head to the legs. 

4.1  Figure Drawings , Proportions and poses.  
Make several drawings of human figures.  
Draw the whole body. Try different size drawings -- 9x12, 12x16, larger -- and different methods.  Use real people to model or use photo to serve as model. 

Unit 5. Painting with Transparent Water Color, [Tempera, Acrylic]    
5.1 Painting skills, sketching using the wash method. 
5.2 Painting with brush and palette, Techniques 
5.3 Transparency is a very fluid consistency of watercolor:  
Click on the link to "watercolor samples". http://victorian.fortunecity.com/literary/431/watercol/wc.html 

Practice with washes  (OK to copy a picture or sample) 
5.1 Try to make the colors match the examples.  Show light and shadow. Suggest textures. 
5.2 Try the art by accident methods. Use very wet page and drop watery paint onto the wet surface. (Use watercolor in tines for best transparency, but tempera paint if thinned to a fluid consistency is very effective too. 
5.3 Create an original design using the fluid wash method. Your choice of subject and design. 

Unit 6. Three Dimensional Art Interpretation  (2 weeks)  
Design in 3D. Introduces rhythm, continuity, and surface contour as a concept. 
An additional information sheet will be available later .  

Unit 7: Clay sculpture (6 days)  
6.1 Choose either relief or in the round carving 
6.2 Three Dimensional Carving or Additive Method of Sculpture, Clay 
6.3  Bas Relief Carving into face of clay, Using Photo effects from Computer Graphics 
An additional information sheet will be available later .