to Clay. 7th Grade
Clay Design is popular because of the physical connection of the hands to the clay. The personality of clay makes it a "direct medium." This means that any action of the hand or tool makes a lasting mark. In the direct medium concept, each movement or gesture of the hands is frozen in time, sort of like a dinosaur's footprint. Because of this directness of clay, it shows skill to use a minimum of handling to produce the desired design. Overworked clay is a negative.
Skills in clay design:
1.) Preparing the clay: Adding or removing moisture so that it is uniformly soft and pliable enough but not too wet and sticky. Moistening too dry clay is done by adding drops of water between clay slices and then rolling and folding (wedging). Drying clay that is too wet, in a similar way can be rolled and folded until it is no longer tacky and sticky. Pressing the clay onto a fabric surface. Canvas or thick fabric is good for absorbing moisture; Paper or cardboard are very absorbant also.
2.) Hand building with slabs or pieces of clay. Clay building is a versatile and 'artistic' method of producing ceramic designs (pottery). With slab building one can make sculpture, containers and a variety of other interesting and easy ceramic designs. The slabs must not be too thin or too thick. About a half inch is good. Rolling pins or roller tools can be used to produce slabs. Make sure they are of uniform thickness. Slab pieces can be assembled many ways. You will be shown some options.
3.) Decorating slabs of clay. The slabs are decorated before they are joined or assembled. A variety of beautiful surface treatments make slabs beautiful. Here are some: Scraping; Scratching or drawing; Stamping a pattern using simple stamps; Tearing clay slabs into pieces and applying these to make design (applicque') and extruding liquified clay to make lines or designs (like draw with a Ketchup bottle.)
4.) Good Clay design: The weakest part of any typical school clay projectsis that little or no attention is given to the treatment of clay surfaces. There are many, many effects which are possible, suggested by the list of treatments described in no. 3 above, it is just a matter of giving some thought to not just the structure but the detail upon the structure. Remember the concept of primary and secondary breakup?! Once you begin to handle clay it is best to know exactly what you want to do with it. Not to have a plan is to merely handle and manipulate the clay without purpose and it becomes "overworked" and poorly controlled.
Don'ts or "No-No's" Please Pay Close Attention:
Clay "Warmup" & Demo:
out flat slabs up to 1/2 inch thick:
a hole in the center or in the corner to make this a wall hanging.
sure to repeat each texture effect.
Instructions - -
is an easy to do clay project. This project features 'slab building'
and textured design made by stamping, applicque', and incising
are the steps to complete the project:
GRADE 8 HAND BUILT PROJECTS
Slab construction is
a fast and very "Artsy" approach to clay design. Hand built pottery
is crafted with a minimum amount of effort and handling and does not
take the hours and hours of practice to gain the skills that wheel
pottery requires for only the basic forms. Slabs about .5
inch, can be rolled out, cut to shape then decorated with patterns
made by stamps, applicque or incising and finally cutting out
the clay sections and assembling them carefully. Slabs are joined with
some liquified clay (slip) which serves as the glue.
PARTS OF THE CLAY VESSEL
an aesthetic reason. It gives the structure a visual lift.
This design is a single slab folded and sealed on one side Add foot and possible handles to set off the top
3 Here is a variation of 2. 2 Slabs cut to an interesting outline. Joined by pinching both sides. The foot is a slab bent to fit the bottom shape. Add ornamental handles - - remember to use slip between joined surfaces.
This design is formed by bending two slabs into "U"s. Join in the center;
Several upright slabs are joined to a matching base. A triangle base
would have 3 uprights. etc. - Upright pieces can also be bent outward
to make a very interesting look. Secure touching edgeswith slip. Join
to Base with slip.
6 Use small clay chips or fragments to construct a total design. these pieces are added onto each until the desired height is reached. A simple base such as an oval or another symmetrical shape will work the best