Art Knowledge: Lesson 4
This lesson describes how you may suggest depth
and distance in your art. The eye automatically
recognizes that some things are close to us and some farther away
from us. We can call these features simple
Using a horizon line. Horizons most often appears in an
outdoor setting. The horizon is always the farthest possible distance
away. It generally separates earth from the sky. Sometimes the horizon
or eye level is covered by objects and is hidden. But eye level will
always be the horizon.
Foreground is near the bottom of the
middle ground is between bottom and
background is the area closest to
Overlapping objects indicates that one form is closer than another
because it blocks the object partly. If you just glance around you will
see objects that are nearer to you blocking objects farther away.
Raising in the picture frame (picture plane) toward the horizon. This
locates regions known as foreground, middleground and background.
Darkness and detail of near objects presents these to our eye as
being closer to the viewer.
*When you are drawing a picture representing
3 dimensional space, you will also need to draw forms so as to make them
look 3 dimensional.
Simple size change, and overlapping.
Imagine some of these flags and balloons being closer because they are
larger and they overlap objects that are behind them.
This line sketch illustrates size change and overlapped
landscape features. The addition of tone using a liquid wash or a dry
medium such as pastel
brings 3 dimensional solidity to the objects.
Art Skills: Lesson 4
SKILLS TO WORK ON IN THIS LESSON:
Continue drawing the E-Z way to produce straight and curves. Applying
tone to objects, shading gradations (light to dark)
Applying wash tones with brush.
Using dry medium (chalk, pastel) to produce tone within areas or objects.
Take a half of a stick of a color of
pastel remember we are using this medium for tone rather than matching
Firmly stroke an area of color on a piece of paper so that you have a
concentration of that tone to use as a palette. Use a piece of a cotton
ball or a q-tip to add tone to the area you want to show shadowed.
Observation skills: Recognizing the horizon
as an important reference to distance.
Most out of doors photos can reveal the position
of the horizon or eye level. Here are some examples of Near and Far images,
with near objects over- lapping more distant objects.
ACTIVITIES FOR LESSON 4:
Use your imagination or find a picture of outdoor objects. Use a horizon
to represent the most distance at eye level. Include both near by and
far objects. Forms in the distance are closer to horizon. Repeat some
objects. Use overlapping to show how one object stands in front of another.
Hint: use your imagination and don't skimp on the creations living
in your world.
Places to see the work of great artists.
THESE ARE SOME OF THE ART SKILL LESSONS
(DEMOS) WE WILL COVER
WITH A LITTLE PRACTICE THEY CAN BE APPLIED QUICKLY TO YOUR OWN ART
THESE SKILLS APPLY EASILY TO ALMOST ANY AGE OR CLASS LEVEL
ART SKILL LESSONS (DEMOS) COVERED IN
THE MINI - ART SERIES:
PRACTICE SHOULD GO ALONG WITH
APPLY PRINCIPLES TO YOUR OWN ART EXPRESSION.
THESE SKILLS APPLY EASILY TO ALMOST
ANY AGE OR CLASS LEVEL FROM AGE 10 UP
the easy way
. The difference between,
compositions, studies and sketches.
Thumbnail sketches. What are paradigms?
Paradigms that apply to creativity.
Three parts in any creative art project.
Terms: line, space, shape, art media.
: Review EZ drawing. Expressive
lines, Descriptive lines
, Shapes. 2 dimensional forms, 3 dimensional
masses, shading, illumination. Using tone in drawing and sketching
- Reminder: please have a small plastic container to use for wash
drawings next week
: Exploring drawing 3 dimensional
, What makes a form appear to be 3 dimensional? turning
2d into 3d forms. Interpreting common objects into 3 dimensional
components, apply methods of shading
: Learning to show depth using,
. Size changes, Overlapping, Distant horizon,
raising on picture plain. Weekly sketch book assignments
Using the total space, Primary spacial
breakup, Mapped spaces,
stages of drawing, using the areas within
shapes. Practice interpreting pictures
as spacial areas. Weekly sketch book
: Draw human faces
views of face, cartoon and caricature styles Weekly sketch book
: Drawing the human body,
foreshortening, quick sketch methods. You
will be a model for your partner and visa versa. Weekly sketch book
: Compositions Interpreting
themes with forms or symbols
: Drawing with detail, add pattern,