9 WEEK MINI COURSE

Learn Art Skills Lesson 4
Showing Distance in Space
Basic Perspective

Pinkmeister's approach to art is to choose the easiest way to produce any effect                             Begin drawing lightly and freely                      Use the simplest tool or method for the effect you desire                      Unlock your creativity by allowing your ideas to be free of pre conceived limitations;            

THIS LESSON AS PRINTABLE BW VERSION


 
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Art Knowledge: Lesson 4
This lesson describes how you may suggest depth and distance in your art.
The eye automatically recognizes  that some things are close to us and some farther away from us. We can call these features simple perspective.
Using a horizon line. Horizons most often appears in an outdoor setting. The horizon is always the farthest possible distance away. It generally separates earth from the sky. Sometimes the horizon or eye level is covered by objects and is hidden. But eye level will always be the horizon.
Foreground is near the bottom of the picture frame,
middle ground is between bottom and horizon and
background is the area closest to the horizon.

Overlapping objects indicates that one form is closer than another because it blocks the object partly. If you just glance around you will see objects that are nearer to you blocking objects farther away.
Raising in the picture frame (picture plane) toward the horizon. This locates regions known as foreground, middleground and background.
Darkness and detail of near objects presents these to our eye as being closer to the viewer.

*When you are drawing a picture representing 3 dimensional space, you will also need to draw forms so as to make them look 3 dimensional.
        



Simple size change, and overlapping.
Imagine some of these flags and balloons being closer because they are larger and they overlap objects that are behind them.

This line sketch illustrates size change and overlapped landscape features. The addition of tone using a liquid wash or a dry medium such as pastel
brings 3 dimensional solidity to the objects.

   
Where to find Pinkmeister's art resource web sites:
On these web sites you will find dozens of art and design lessons.
http://www.friendlyarts.net/Asdo/
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http://www.friendlyarts.net/Wheaton/
 

Art Skills: Lesson 4
SKILLS TO WORK ON IN THIS LESSON:

Continue drawing the E-Z way to produce straight and curves. Applying tone to objects, shading gradations (light to dark)
Applying wash tones with brush.
Using dry medium (chalk, pastel) to produce tone within areas or objects.
Take a half of a stick of a color of pastel remember we are using this medium for tone rather than matching colors.
Firmly stroke an area of color on a piece of paper so that you have a concentration of that tone to use as a palette. Use a piece of a cotton ball or a q-tip to add tone to the area you want to show shadowed.

Observation skills: Recognizing the horizon as an important reference to distance.
    

Most out of doors photos can reveal the position of the horizon or eye level. Here are some examples of Near and Far images, with near objects over- lapping more distant objects.




ACTIVITIES FOR LESSON 4:
Use your imagination or find a picture of outdoor objects. Use a horizon to represent the most distance at eye level. Include both near by and far objects. Forms in the distance are closer to horizon. Repeat some objects. Use overlapping to show how one object stands in front of another. Hint: use your imagination and don't skimp on the creations living in your world.

Places to see the work of great artists.

THESE ARE SOME OF THE ART SKILL LESSONS (DEMOS) WE WILL COVER
WITH A LITTLE PRACTICE  THEY CAN BE APPLIED QUICKLY TO YOUR OWN ART EXPRESSION.
THESE SKILLS APPLY EASILY TO ALMOST ANY AGE OR CLASS LEVEL

THE ART SKILL LESSONS (DEMOS) COVERED IN THE MINI - ART SERIES:
PRACTICE  SHOULD GO ALONG WITH EACH LESSON
APPLY PRINCIPLES TO YOUR OWN ART EXPRESSION.
THESE SKILLS APPLY EASILY TO ALMOST ANY AGE OR CLASS LEVEL FROM AGE 10 UP


Lesson 1: Drawing the easy way. The difference between, compositions, studies and sketches. Thumbnail sketches. What are paradigms? Paradigms that apply to creativity. Three parts in any creative art project. Terms: line, space, shape, art media.
Lesson 2: Review EZ drawing. Expressive lines, Descriptive lines, Shapes. 2 dimensional forms, 3 dimensional masses, shading, illumination. Using tone in drawing and sketching - Reminder: please have a small plastic container to use for wash drawings next week
Lesson 3: Exploring drawing 3 dimensional objects, What makes a form appear to be 3 dimensional? turning 2d into 3d forms. Interpreting common objects into 3 dimensional components, apply methods of shading
Lesson 4: Learning to show depth using, simple perspective. Size changes, Overlapping, Distant horizon, raising on picture plain. Weekly sketch book assignments
Lesson 5: Using the total space, Primary spacial breakup, Mapped spaces, Secondary stages of drawing, using the areas within shapes. Practice interpreting pictures as spacial areas. Weekly sketch book assignments
Lesson 6: Draw human faces, three views of face, cartoon and caricature styles Weekly sketch book assignments
Lesson 7: Drawing the human body, gesture, proportion, foreshortening, quick sketch methods. You will be a model for your partner and visa versa. Weekly sketch book assignments
Lesson 8: Compositions Interpreting themes with forms or symbols
Lesson 9
: Drawing with detail, add pattern, stylizing detail